2018 was the first election in which Ontario municipalities were permitted to use ranked ballot voting (thanks to the Municipal Elections Modernization Act, 2016).
London, Ontario used ranked ballot voting in the 2018 election. They did not have a referendum, their council decided the benefits of ranked ballots were worth implementing right away.
Kingston and Cambridge, Ontario decided to put this decision in the hands of the people and held referendums to see if they should move to this voting system for the 2022 elections. On October 22, 2018, 63% of Kingstonians cast their vote YES in favour of a Ranked Ballot. In Cambridge, the result was 56%. Together, our cities have become the first in Ontario where the people chose to use a ranked ballot through a city-wide referendum.
On December 18th, 2018, Kingston city council voted overwhelmingly to respect the results of the referendum and initiate the process to implement ranked ballots for the 2022 election.